Hepatitis (A, B, C, E and others)
Hepatitis A and E related liver disease
Hepatitis B related liver disease
It is a virus infecting liver and is the major cause for chronic liver disease, cirrhosis and liver cancer, particularly in india, Asia and other developing countries. Currently it affects 3% of population of India. India has more than 37 million HBV carriers and contributes to 10–15% of the entire pool of HBV carriers of the world. About 15–25% of HBsAg carriers are likely to suffer from cirrhosis and liver cancer and may die prematurely. Infections occurring during infancy and childhood have the greatest risk of becoming chronic. Of the 2.6 Crore (26 million) infants born every year in India, approximately 10 Lakhs (1 million) run the life-time risk of developing chronic HBV infection. It’s commonly from mother to baby without any fault and is preventable by simple screening of mother as well as vaccination to newborn. Blood transfusion, surgery, tattoo, multiple sex partners and injectable drug abuse further adds the burden. There is a need for awareness, detection and public health measures to prevent disease transmission and decrease the burden of the disease.
Hepatitis C related liver disease
It is a virus infection of liver and mostly blood borne i.e. by contaminated blood transfusion, surgery, needle prick, unsafe syringe and injecting drug abusers. It is most infectious virus i.e. 100 times more chance infection than the HIV. Once infected in 85% cases it becomes chronic liver disease may progress to cirrhosis and liver cancer in a period of 15-20 years. But often remain asymptomatic and early diagnosis and the recently available drugs make the treatment easy and effective. India is estimated at between 0.5% to 1.5% of population i.e. about 1 Crore Indians . The small steps by us like safe needle use, precautions during surgery and blood transfusion and screening test may prevent this. This is has been planned globally to be eliminated by 2030, lets join hand in global platform to make it a success.